Bronx has a bad reputation between new yorkers and known as dangerous and criminal area.
That`s all because of scary stories and legends which people retelling each other until present days.
However, it concerns just a small part of this district – a South Bronx. The rest parts of this New York`s borough are interesting historical places and can bring a lot of pleasure for a curious people.
The placename «Bronx» it took from the name of Dutch captain Jonas Bronck.
Jonas was an immigrant to the Dutch colony of New Netherland after whom the Bronx River and New York City borough were named.
New Netherland is the first name of New York. In 1664 the Dutch domination was over and this lands went under the British governance but the titles were stayed on.
People living there are always emphasising that the only Bronx is a mainland neighbourhood of New York.
You can think that it`s not a reason for a proud? And you are right but it should be noted that a quarter of Bronx territory is a green park area.
Pelham Bay Park with a long beach, wonderful big zoo based on 1899 and New York Botanical Garden with open conservatory where presented more than fifteen thousand species of flora!
It`s a short list of places for people who likes to spend their time on a fresh air among the nature and world of animals.
Numerous guidebooks will tell you about a home-museum of Edgar Allan Poe (Edgar Allan Poe Cottage) who lived here three years with his dying wife Virginia. And don`t forget about the Museum of Bronx History and Fordham University.
The rapid development of Bronx was starting in XX century after the First World War. In this years were built the main amount of residential neighbourhoods which attracted thousands of poor immigrants: Irish, Italians and especially Jews (almost 44% of the population according to official organisations, the Jewish community was the largest of the minority groups) For example in 2002 it numbered only 45 thousand people.
The Bronx became a haven for gangsters and bootleggers during the years of prohibition.
Alcohol smuggling was a job for many Irish, Italian and Polish. In this way in 1926 Bronx became a dangerous place with highest criminal activity in NYC.
After the 30`s the number of Irish had decreased and 40`s became an age of Germans.
50`s and 60`s years have passed under the influence of Italians and Jewish.
A Later generation of 30` went to a warm and quiet Florida.
Migration had increased through the Hispanic immigrants. «White» people went to the south – west and north-west parts of Bronx.
Borough had got its famous negative reputation in middle of 60`s – 70`s of XX century. It was a time when the quality of life had dropped.
There was a lot of different reasons for this phenomenon, but the most destructive were drugs.
60`s and 70`s smelled of marihuana`s smoke and had passed on LSD trips.
Earlier 80`s became an era of cocaine but it was one of the most expensive pleasures, so it was changed by the cheap and synthetic analogue – crack. It was the beginning of the end …
Every man and every third woman in Bronx was addicted to drugs. It started the slow process of degradation and losing of family values.
In the South Bronx, where European movie companies now shoot their footage on the destruction of Germany after WW II, there are districts where nine out of ten people die an unnatural death — from murder, hunger, overdose, rat bites. Unemployment, mess and crimes …
Mayor bothered about the situation in the middle of 80` and approved a ten years development plan. In 1987 begins a construction of a cheap social habitation according to it which named «projects».
At the beginning of a new century, more than one billion dollars in the reconstruction of Bronx and composition of the housing stock were invested. The neighbourhood got a new life. It became the place attracted by the middle-class people.
And don`t forget about the biggest treasure of Bronx children – Yankee Stadium.
In 1988, Mayor Ed Koch agreed to have city taxpayers spend $90 million on a second renovation of Yankee Stadium that included luxury boxes and restaurants inside of the stadium and parking garages and traffic improvements outside. Steinbrenner agreed in principle but then backed out of the deal. In 1993, Mayor David Dinkins expanded on Koch’s proposal by offering his Bronx Center vision for the neighbourhood, including new housing, a new courthouse, and relocating the Police Academy nearby.
It was used as the great basis in creating of numerous socials and sports programs for children of this dangerous borough.
At the same time, all fans of the healthy lifestyle will be glad to know that right here in Bronx in 1942 were opened the first yoghurt factory well known as Dannon Milk Products!
Different times – different heroes!
In 1933 in Bronx was born Louis Eugene Wolcott. He was formerly known as Louis X — the leader of the religious group Nation of Islam (NOI).
In 1940 in the south part of Bronx was born Alfredo James «Al» Pacino! American actor of stage and screen, filmmaker, and screenwriter.
In 1942 in a family of Hungarian immigrants — a famous designer Calvin Klein.
In a gorgeous estate in Wave Hill Garden (649 W 249th St, Bronx, NY 10471 ) in different time were living Theodore Roosevelt, Mark Twain and Arturo Toscanini.
So exciting, so various and so fantastic Bronx!